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Narendra Modi, born on September 17, 1950, is an Indian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of India since May 2014. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. Modi is known for his charismatic leadership style, his emphasis on economic reforms, and his strong stance on national security.

Here's a brief overview of Modi's biography:

1. **Early Life and Education**: Narendra Damodardas Modi was born in Vadnagar, a small town in Gujarat, India. He was the third of six children born to Damodardas Modi and Heeraben Modi. Modi's family belonged to the Ghanchi community, which is categorized as an Other Backward Class (OBC) in India. He completed his schooling in Vadnagar and later earned a Bachelor's degree in Political Science from the University of Delhi. Modi then pursued a Master's degree in Political Science from Gujarat University.

2. **Entry into Politics**: Modi's political journey began during his early years as a member of the RSS. He rose through the ranks of the BJP and became actively involved in political activities. In 2001, he was appointed as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, a position he held until 2014. During his tenure as Chief Minister, Gujarat saw significant economic growth but also faced criticism for his handling of the 2002 Gujarat riots, which resulted in widespread violence and deaths, particularly among the Muslim community.

3. **Prime Ministership**: Narendra Modi led the BJP to a landslide victory in the 2014 Indian general elections, securing a majority in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament). He became the 14th Prime Minister of India and was re-elected for a second term in 2019. As Prime Minister, Modi has pursued various initiatives aimed at promoting economic development, such as the "Make in India" campaign, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), and the Digital India program. He has also focused on infrastructure development, rural electrification, and sanitation through initiatives like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

4. **Foreign Policy**: Modi has played an active role in shaping India's foreign policy, seeking to strengthen ties with both traditional allies and emerging powers. He has emphasized India's "Act East" policy, aiming to enhance engagement with Southeast Asian countries, and has sought to improve relations with neighboring countries such as Bangladesh and Nepal. Additionally, Modi has engaged in high-profile visits to countries like the United States, China, Russia, and Israel, aiming to boost economic cooperation and strategic partnerships.

5. **Political Ideology and Legacy**: Modi's leadership style and political ideology are often associated with Hindu nationalism and a pro-business approach to governance. He has been praised for his efforts to modernize India's economy and infrastructure but has also faced criticism for his handling of issues such as religious intolerance and freedom of expression. Modi remains a highly polarizing figure in Indian politics, with a dedicated base of supporters as well as vocal critics.

Overall, Narendra Modi's biography reflects a journey from humble beginnings to becoming one of the most prominent political figures in India's contemporary history, with a significant impact on the country's politics, economy, and society.


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